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Nitroglycerin Plus Whole Intracranial Radiation Therapy for Brain Metastases in Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Randomized, Open-Label, Phase 2 Clinical Trial

*March 2023*

Results: Fifty patients were allocated to the control group, and 46 were allocated to the experimental group (NTG); among these, 26 (52%) had EGFRm in the control group and 21 (45.7%) had EGFRm in the NTG arm. In terms of the iORR, patients in the NTG group had a significantly higher response compared with controls (56.5% [n = 26/46 evaluable patients] vs 32.7% [n = 16/49 evaluable patients]; relative risk, 1.73; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08-2.78; P = .024). Additionally, patients who received NTG + WBRT had an independently prolonged intracranial progression-free survival (ICPFS) compared with those who received WBRT alone (27.7 vs 9.6; hazard ratio [HR], 0.5; 95% CI, 0.2-0.9; P = .020); this positively affected overall progression-free survival among patients who received systemic therapy (n = 88; HR, 0.5; 95% CI, 0.2-0.9; P = .043). The benefit of ICPFS (HR, 0.4; 95% CI, 0.2-0.9; P = .030) was significant in the EGFRm patient subgroup. No differences were observed in overall survival. A significantly higher rate of vomiting presented in the NTG arm of the study (P = .016).

Conclusions: The concurrent administration of NTG and radiation therapy improves iORR and ICPFS among patients with NSCLC with BM. The benefit in ICPFS is significant in the EGFRm patient subgroup. Read more.