Patients with cancer face a trajectory marked by emotional and physical distress that can be associated with both diagnosis and treatment. Fear of cancer recurrence or progression has been considered one of the most common unmet needs reported by patients diagnosed with both localized and metastatic disease. Fear of cancer recurrence or progression has been defined as the “fear, worry, or concern relating to the possibility that cancer will come back or progress.” Often overlooked by health care teams, fear of cancer recurrence or progression has been associated with impaired quality of life and psychosocial adjustment, elevated emotional distress, and a range of physical symptoms. Several interventions for fear of cancer recurrence or progression are currently under investigation. Early recognition, support, and validation of feelings associated with fear of cancer recurrence or progression, and appropriate referrals to psychosocial oncology, can be beneficial for many patients. Assessing patients early in their cancer trajectory, and at important milestones, including a change in therapies, at the end of active treatment, and during follow-up visits, can help identify individuals at risk and help individuals engage in supportive programs. Read more.