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Aumolertinib vs Gefitinib for NSCLC EGFR exon 19 del or L858R mutations

*ASCO 2021*

Note: Could this become a less-expensive alternative to osimertinib?

Au is a novel, irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI) with favorable pharmacologic properties that selectively inhibits both EGFR sensitizing and resistance mutations. Au has been approved in China for treatment of patients (pts) with EGFR mutant NSCLC with EGFR T790M upon progression of disease on previous EGFR TKIs (Proc. AACR 2020, Abstract CT190). This Phase III trial assessed the efficacy and safety of Au versus G as initial treatment of patients with advanced NSCLC with EGFRm.

Pts with previously untreated metastatic or locally advanced NSCLC and EGFR exon 19 deletion or L858R were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either Au (110 mg once daily) or G (250 mg once daily). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) by RECIST v1.1 per investigator assessment. At 262 PFS events, the study had 90% power to detect a PFS HR = 0.67. Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), duration of response (DoR) and safety.

Between Nov 30, 2018 and Sept 6, 2019, 429 patients across 53 sites in China were enrolled and randomized. Pt. characteristics were well-balanced. At the planned final event-driven PFS analysis, Au significantly prolonged PFS (median 19.3 vs 9.9 months, HR 0.46, p-value <0.0001). DoR was also significantly prolonged with Au. Median OS has not been reached. Efficacy and relevant safety results are summarized in Table. Despite a significantly longer duration of treatment (median 463 vs 254 days), Au was associated with a lower incidence of rash, diarrhea, AST/ALT increase, and treatment related serious adverse events (SAEs) (4.2% vs 11.2%). Au was associated with more frequent events of CPK increased, platelet count decreased, and neutrophil count decreased, which were predominantly low grade. Read more.